Framework Name: Capability Maturity Model (CMM) for Software
Published Date: Version 1.1, February 1993
Description: The Capability Maturity Model for Software (SW-CMM or
CMM) is a model used by organizations for appraising the maturity of their
software processes and for identifying practices that will increase the maturity
of those processes. It was developed by the Software
Engineering Institute, in cooperation with industry representatives.
The architecture of the SW-CMM is composed of levels (describing the overall
maturity level of an organization) that consist of Key Process Areas (KPAs):
Key Process Areas
Technology Change Management
Quantitative Process Management
Organization Process Definition
Software Product Engineering
Integrated Software Management
Software Project Planning
Software Project Tracking and Oversight
Software Subcontract Management
Software Quality Assurance
Software Configuration Management
||No KPAs at this
Relation to Other Frameworks: The SW-CMM, SECM,
are being integrated by the CMMI
Source of Framework:
- Soft copy of the SW-CMM,
Version 1.1 is available in PDF format directly from the SEI.
- NASA's hypertext
version of the SW-CMM (including the key practices document) was
produced at the University of Houston Clear
Lake as part of the Repository
Based Software Engineering program.
- A French version of the SW-CMM
is available from the Applied Software
Engineering Center (ASEC), Montreal, Canada.
- Hard copies of the SW-CMM may be obtained from the National
Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield,
VA 22161-2103, (703) 487-4600.
- Hard copies of the SW-CMM may be obtained from the Defense
Technical Information Center, Attn: FDRA Cameron Station, Alexandria, VA
22304-6145, (800) 225-3842 or (703) 767-8274.
- SEI's description of the
SW-CMM provides a high-level description of the SW-CMM, along with links
to other CMM-related pages on the SEI Web server.
- SEI's CMM Version 2,
Draft C, provides information about the revision of the Software CMM
from Version 1.1 to Version 2.0 and provides access to Draft C. Currently
there are no plans to release CMM V2.0.
- The Software Engineering Program Office (SEPO) of the Space and Naval
Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) has generic
processes that provide sample policies and procedures by KPA, as well as
considerable other information relevant to the SW-CMM. SEPO is the software
engineering focal point for the Naval Command, Control, and Ocean
Surveillance Center RDT&E Division (NRaD).
provides links to pages describing software process improvement approaches.
"ESSI-SCOPE is an EU funded project that aims to raise awareness of
quality issues in software products, and to introduce some of the work
associated with product evaluation which assists in improving the quality of
Level 2 Focus Group contains the text of the Level 2 SW-CMM KPAs and
additional pointers to resources related to each Level 2 KPA. It also
includes a discussion database related to Level 2 KPAs.
Related Consortium Products (course and services are available to
Consortium members and affiliates only):
the Capability Maturity Model Course: This course presents the structure
and features of the SW-CMM. Emphasis is on use of the SW-CMM as a benchmark
and guide for process improvement and for process assessments and
evaluations. The course includes highlights of the practices of the Key
Process Areas at each maturity level.
- CMM Evaluations: The CMM Evaluation is an interim evaluation method that
is somewhat less expensive than the CBA IPI and is not CAF compliant. A CMM
Evaluation can help determine what process improvement activities are
necessary before a formal CBA-IPI, CBASS, or Software Capability Evaluation
(SCE), and is thus an essential tool for process improvement planning. A CMM
Evaluation includes a review of organizational policies, procedures, and
guidelines for compliance with the SEI CMM. Specific guidance is provided in
defining alternative process definition and modeling techniques. A baseline
of the current software processes is developed based on the documentation
reviews and associated interviews with appropriate project personnel. This
baseline then provides a basis for planning further process improvement
- CBA-IPI and CBASS: The CMM-Based Appraisal for Internal Process
Improvement (CBA-IPI) helps an organization determine its SEI maturity level
and identify findings pursuant to individual Key Process Areas (KPAs). The
Consortium’s CBASS (CMM-Based Assessments) offers an automated approach to
the CBA-IPI, implementing, in a compressed schedule, the same process
defined for a CBA-IPI by the SEI. An SEI-authorized lead assessor and
assistant conduct CBASS training, pre-assessment documentation review, and
on-site interviews with appropriate project and organizational personnel to
determine the maturity level of an organization.
Process Improvement: A Guidebook for Implementing Change: This
guidebook is available to the public. It provides practical guidance on
how to successfully initiate and sustain a process improvement program in
your organization by following a well-defined set of activities, called the
process improvement process. Written for implementers and sponsors of
process improvement, the guidebook is distilled from a broad base of
industry experience and research in systematic process management.
Process Improvement Course: This course presents a process for managing
and implementing systematic process improvements. The course also includes
material on the technology transfer process and concepts detailed in the
Consortium's Using New Technologies: A Technology Transfer Guidebook. This
is typically a 2-day course that integrates parts of other technologies
(Applied Software Measurement, Reuse Adoption, and Technology Adoption).
Software Measurement Guidebook: This guidebook is available to the
public. This guidebook is a comprehensive, project ready set of
quantitative methods designed to assist member companies in measuring,
managing, and improving their software products and the processes used to
Measurement and the Capability Maturity Model Course: This course is an
overview of software measurement and examples that are related to each of
the SW-CMM levels. The course also discusses measuring the progress of
process improvement, sizing software with function point analysis, and
estimating effort and schedule with COCOMO.
Frameworks Comparison Course: This 2-day course describes the
relationships, similarities, and differences among maturity models,
technical and quality standards, and contractor selection vehicles, with
which member companies' processes may need to comply.
This tool (available to Consortium members only) supports mapping
organizational and projects' process documents to each other and to various
compliance frameworks and printing mappings of one framework to another. The
Consortium provides a number of framework-to-framework mappings with the
tool and allows users to create others. The compliance frameworks currently
included in the tool database are ISO 9001:2000, CMMI SE/SW V1.0, SW-CMM
V1.1, MIL-STD-498, J-STD-016, ISO 9001, ISO/IEC 12207, IEEE/EIA 12207, RTCA
DO-178B, SE-CMM, ISSEP, ISSEP ’99, IEEE 1220, MIL-STD-499B, EIA/IS 632,
SSE-CMM, EIA/IS 731, and EIA 632. The tool provides the capability to print
compliance matrices and reports identifying gaps in compliance.
New Technologies: A Technology Transfer Guidebook: This guidebook is
available to the public. This guidebook will help you manage the forces
of technological change quickly and successfully by helping you understand
and perform effective technology transfer, maximizing the benefits from your
technology investments and increasing your competitive edge.
Definition and Modeling Guidebook: This guidebook is available to the
public. This guidebook provides guidance on efficiently
developing and evolving a quality set of process definitions for directing
and improving product development. This version of the guidebook matures the
process definition and modeling technology by incorporating material
developed as a result of lessons learned from technology use and includes
examples and guidance on automated tools and techniques. The guidebook also
includes a flexible set of templates and techniques for capturing and
representing processes and explains how to use the template–based
information to produce guidebooks, training materials, and models.
- Integrated Systems and Software Engineering Process (ISSEP): The ISSEP
model defines a set of management and technical activities and, most
importantly, defines the mechanisms to coordinate and control the
development effort. The ISSEP model integrates the set of management and
technical development activities, incorporates risk management activities,
and complies with major systems and software engineering standards,
including the SW-CMM. The technical report is available to the public;
are available to Consortium members and affiliates.